Influenza A & B Rapid Test Kits
Influenza A & B antigen swab test kits, Influenza-A IgM test, and Influenza-B IgM test are intended to be used in the diagnosis of influenza A and B viral infections.
Influenza A/B test strip is an in-vitro immunoassay based on the principle of lateral flow Chromatographic Assay, for the qualitative detection of Influenza A and B nucleoproteins in various swab specimens such as throat swab, nasal swab. Influenza A IgM Dot Assay Kit and Influenza B IgM Dot Assay Kit are dot assay rapid test kits, for the qualitative detection of IgM antibodies specific to influenza A and B respectively in human serum specimen.
All these kits are intended to be used to help the diagnosis of influenza A and B viral infections.
One step Influenza Rapid test, influenza dot assay and Influenza DOT ELISA are all In-Vitro immunoassay devices, with a little difference in the color development principle. In the rapid influenza antigen test, antibodies specific to the Influenza A and Influenza B nucleoproteins is separately coated on the test line regions of the test strip. During testing, the nucleoproteins, if present in the specimen, will react with the Mouse monoclonal anti-influenza B-gold colloid or anti-influenza A-Gold Colloid. The mixture migrates up the membrane and captured by the antibodies to Influenza A and/or Influenza B on the membrane, and the accumulation of the colloidal gold conjugate will present colored lines in the test regions, indicating a positive result.
Influenza, commonly referred to as "flu", is an infectious disease caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae, A.K.A. influenza viruses. Three genera of the five Orthomyxoviridae can infect human beings. Influenza B infects only humans, influenza A is the most most virulent, while influenza C mainly affect children.
Influenza spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics, resulting in the deaths of between 250,000 and 500,000 people every year, up to millions in some pandemic years. Usually, influenza pandemics occurs when a new strain of the virus appear, and these new strains appear when an existing flu virus spreads to humans from other animal species, or when an existing human strain picks up new genes from a virus that infects only birds or animals.